Celebrate the best of humanity.
 
"I may not agree with a word you say,
but I shall defend unto my death your right to say it."
-- Voltaire (1694-1778)

FREEDOM HERO:
DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, predicated on the belief that everyone is entitled to freedom without any distinction based on race, color, sex, language, religion, national origin or birth.

Comprised of 30 Articles, the Declaration addresses issues of freedom of speech, religion and privacy. It stands squarely for equal pay for equal work. Special attention is paid to the rights of children, women and families.

Heroes of the past worked to create these rights; modern day heroes now must work to preserve them.


UNIVERSAL DECLARATION
OF HUMAN RIGHTS




Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948

Preamble
Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,

Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,

Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedoms,

Whereas member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

Now therefore,

The General Assembly, proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.

THE ARTICLES

Article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Article 2
Desmond Tutu helped to end apartheid in South Africa.

1. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

2. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3
Queen Rania is a crusader for the rights of women and children.

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
Article 4
Iqbal Masih spent his short life standing up against child labor.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
Article 5
Don Cheadle and Darfur Now are working to stop and prevent genocide in the Sudan.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6
Fadela Amara is recognized throughout France as a Champion of women's rights.

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
Article 7
Harvey Milk worked to make anti-discrimination laws for gays and lesbians.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Article 8
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
Article 9
Nelson Mandela survived 27 years in  a South African prison to become the country's president.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Article 10
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
Article 11
1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.

2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12
Jody Williams won the Nobel Peace Prize for working to ban landmines.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
Article 13
In the 1950's, the House Unamerican Activites Committee acused Paul Robeson of being unpatriotic and removed his passport.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State.

2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14
Dr. Biscet peacefully promotes the defense of all human rights through nonviolent civil disobedience.
1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15
Janet Jagan was the first female president of Guyana and dedicated her life to building its independence.
1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.

2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16
Tahmeena Faryal is working to create a society that respects freedom of speech and beliefs.
1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.

2. Marriage shall be entered into only with free and full consent of the intending spouses.

3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17
Art Miki founded an o rganization to help redress Japenese rights lost during WWII.
1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18
For twenty years, non-violent protests, marches and strikes by the Indians, led by Mohandas Gandhi,
     wore-down British resistance.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Article 19
Annalise and Katharine created a nation-wide green ribbon campaign to help refugees in Darfur.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
Article 20
Olara Otunnu is devoted to saving the l ives and futures of children in war-torn countries.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21
Jimmy Carter is a former U.S. president who has dedicated his life to helping others.
1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

2. Everyone has the right to equal access to public service in his country.

3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22
Eleanor Roosevelt organized the drafting and approval of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
Article 23
1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24
Maura Welch is committed to helping exploited children realize their basic human rights.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
Article 25
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.

2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26
Sompop Jantraka helps poor children in Thailand avoid exploitation and obtain and education.
1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.

3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27
Queen Noor passionately works for peace, human rights, and wildlife consvervation.
1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized
Article 29
1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.

2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30
Van Jones combines environmentalism with social justice.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.






Last changed on: 12/6/2007 10:34:35 AM

In 1998, The United Nations celebrated the 50th Anniversary of the Declaration of Human Rights.

Amnesty International is dedicated to human rights for all.

UNICEF, a supporter of MY HERO, is the arm of the United Nations that deals specifically with protecting the rights of children throughout the world. This includes civil rights, labor issues, health and nutrition, and education. The organization sponsors numerous events focusing on these issues such as The Convention on the Rights of the Child.

International Children's Day of Broadcasting ICDB, celebrated on the second Sunday of every December, is a day when broadcasters around the world "Tune in to Kids." They air quality programming for and about children. But most of all, they allow children to be part of the programming process, to talk about their hopes and dreams and share information with their peers.

The Day is a joint initiative of UNICEF and the International Council of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.

On that day, television and radio stations throughout the world give children the opportunity to speak for themselves.

MY HERO wants you to tell your FREEDOM story. Please sign the Guestbook and tell the world about your HEROES.

 

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